Camouflage is the ability to hide in plain sight by blending in or disguising yourself as something else. You've probably heard of camouflage clothing. It is used by the military so soldiers can't be seen by the enemy and by hunters so they can't be seen by the animals they're hunting.
The true masters of camouflage, however, are animals. Animals have amazing ways of camouflaging themselves.
Why do animals have camouflage?
Some animals, like the toad below, try to match their background to avoid being seen. Some animals, like the ptarmigan, even change color entirely with the seasons to blend in to the changes in their environment.
This is the rock ptarmigan in summer. Its feathers are dark and mottled (not all the same color) so it blends in with the rocks and dirt in its surroundings.
This is the rock ptarmigan in winter. Its feathers become almost all white to blend in with the snow. Other animals who live where it snows in the winter change their color, too, such as the Arctic fox and the Siberian hamster.
- You'll need one piece of paper or sheet of newspaper for a mat, so set that aside first.
- Cut the rest of your printed paper and your brightly colored paper into 1-inch squares (about 20 of each).
5. Once they've finished, count the number of brightly colored squares and the number of printed squares.
Butterfield, Moira. "Camouflage." 1000 Facts about Wild Animals. New York: Scholastic, 1992. 34-35. Print.
"Camouflage." Camouflage. University of Delaware, n.d. Web. 05 Aug. 2016. http://tinyurl.com/z8kttml
"Camouflage." National Geographic Society. National Geographic Society, 25 Aug. 2011. Web. 02 Aug. 2016.
Harris, Tom. "How Animal Camouflage Works." HowStuffWorks.com. InfoSpace LLC, 18 May 2001. Web. 05 Aug. 2016. <http://tinyurl.com/ydeyyfc>.