A survival kit is something that can be built upon over time. As you get older you can add more and more items (like fire starting supplies) if you how to use them safely and correctly.
Here is a sample of a minimal survival kit:
Flashlight and batteries
Water purification tablets
Small signaling mirror
Assuming you have these few basic tools, below are some good beginner skills to go over. The S.T.O.P. acronym (Stop, Think, Observe, Plan) is a great place to start, and is a helpful tool for kids when it comes time to remembering what they should do.
Stay where you are. The second you realize you are lost you should stop immediately and wait. Attach a whistle to your backpack; as soon as you realize you have become separated from the group start blowing that whistle like crazy.
Don't freak out. This is perhaps the hardest and most important wilderness survival skill to develop, especially if you're a kid. You will be less likely to freak out if you know what
Also observe your surroundings. Does the place look at all familiar? Is there a good place for a shelter? Water nearby? A place where you can safely get up for a better view?
The easiest thing for little kids to use and carry is water purification tablets. If you're going to be hiking, make sure you have some in your pack and know how to use them. Also make sure you know when to start venturing out to find water.
Next to having enough water, finding a shelter to protect you from the elements (either cold or hot weather) should be top priority. Take advantage of your surroundings. Rock overhangs would be ideal, but if you don’t have that, find some limbs, leaves and/or pine boughs to make a shelter. A lean-to is probably the easiest for kids. It might be fun to practice out on the trail or in your backyard. Even a find a rock or a tree that you can sit next too can help keep you out out of the sun or rain.
Prepare a signal
- Use a mirror (If you have one) or some other shiny or metallic object to signal either a helicopter, plane or other hikers.
- Create a signal with rocks (that contrast with the ground color). Spell out “HELP” or “SOS,” or even a big smiley face our of rocks or brush will get noticed! Make sure to make the letters big.
- If you hear a plane or helicopter get into an opening and run around and yell like a crazy person.